REMIXING ÇATALHÖYÜK

For more than a decade, archaeologists and scholars have gathered in central Turkey to explore the remains of the 9,000-year-old village of Çatalhöyük. First excavated in the 1960s, Çatalhöyük became world-famous for its dense architecture and spectacular wall decorations. Between 1997 and 2003, a team from the University of California Berkeley worked intensively on one building there, bringing to light the life history of a Neolithic home. Remixing Çatalhöyük features the investigations and discoveries of the BACH team, who invites you to participate in the interpretation of their work. Explore themed collections, create original projects, and contribute your own “remix” of Çatalhöyük. Continue >>

 
 
Introduction: Welcome to the Çatalhöyük Project

“As I tread over its soil, I feel a tingling in my feet, knowing that buried beneath me are the abundant remains of a town inhabited from 9,400 until 8,000 years ago.”

Ian Hodder
Director, Çatalhöyük Research Project

“My favorite tool, when I’m working on excavation is the trowel. And I think most people would say the same thing. They are quite small and fit into the hand quite easily. But mostly you can control the stroke of the trowel. and clean the surface of these deposits. What everyone else thinks is just mud is to us like a book telling us a story.”

Shahina Farid
Site Director, Çatalhöyük Research Project

“Archaeology is a “sensual” field practice, employing the senses of sight, touch, and hearing – sometimes smell and taste – to bear on the problem at hand, be it excavation, survey or lab research.”

Michael Ashley
Media Documentation
Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük

“The public are going to engage in archaeology only when we share with them the process of what we do and how we think, recognize the diversity of their voices, and allow them to make a contribution to the interpretive process.”

Ruth Tringham
Director, Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük

About Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH)
Çatalhöyük is a settlement mound made up of the remains of a Neolithic farming community that lived in central Turkey more than 9,000 years ago. First excavated in the 1960s by British archaeologist James Mellaart, Çatalhöyük became famous worldwide for the dense arrangement of its buildings and its spectacular wall paintings.

After Mellaart’s initial work at the site (1961-1965), Çatalhöyük remained abandoned until archaeologist Ian Hodder (then at Cambridge University; currently at Stanford) began a new series of excavations in the 1990s. From 1997 until 2003, archaeology and media specialists from the University of California at Berkeley (aka the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük, or “BACH” team) worked alongside scholars from around the world at Çatalhöyük. Where Mellaart’s original work exposed more than 150 houses in the settlement, the BACH team took a different approach, excavating in minute detail the remains of a single house known as Building 3. The data and discoveries from that excavation have been made available to the public through the resources in this and other websites.

About Life and Work at Çatalhöyük 9,000 Years Ago
In Turkish, the word Çatalhöyük (say “cha-tal-HU-yuk”) means “forked mound,” referring to a footpath that once split between the east and west mounds that make up the 70-foot-high remains of the settlement today. In Neolithic times, the two mounds straddled a river, long gone today, which could provide fresh water and food for the village, including fish and the eggs of water fowl. At the time, the environment was a semiarid plain, dominated by low-growing grasses, sedges, and small bushes. In the spring, the area would have been surrounded by wetlands, offering mud and reeds as building materials.

The Neolithic was a time when people were beginning to settle down, living in collected family groups and staying in one location throughout the year, rather than travelling from place to place depending upon the season. This new way of life—sometimes called the “Neolithic revolution”—drew on the most sophisticated skills and abilities of the people of the time. People began to find new uses for all of the materials their environment had to offer. Perhaps most important, they began to work together, forging long-term relationships that intensified as each generation added to the skills, knowledge, and abilities of the group. In the environment of a settled village, these increasingly complex interactions began to require new types of organization and structure, ultimately laying the foundation for our modern way of life.

During the Neolithic, people learned to weave baskets from plant materials, and to make cloth from a variety of sources, including plant fibers and animal hair. They used animal furs and hides, as well as vegetable fibers such as flax, for clothing and bedding. They used wood, stone, shell, bone, and animal horn to make tools, weapons, and household implements. At Çatalhöyük, the local clays were used to make building bricks and plaster for construction, to create decorative items (such as the tiny beads found in an infant’s grave at Building 3), and to make sculptures. In fact, though we can only speculate about spiritual belief during the Neolithic, clay sculptures of corpulent female nudes found throughout the settlement have been the source some people’s beliefs that an “earth mother” cult once thrived there.

At Çatalhöyük, people had begun to experiment with making pottery by firing objects such as figurines, clay balls, and even containers; and while they were still relying on many wild food sources, they were beginning to domesticate both plants and animals. In Building 3, the remains of boars (wild pigs) and aurochs (wild cattle, now extinct) have been found alongside the remains of domesticated sheep and goats. Cultivated foods such as wheat, barley, peas, and lentils have also been found inside the houses, but these were not grown in the marshy areas around the houses. Çatalhöyük was a farming settlement, but evidence has shown that some of the crops they tended were located well away from their homes.

The buildings at Çatalhöyük were built side by side and one on top of another for more than a thousand years, starting around 9,000 years ago. Houses were built right up against each other, interlocking like the cells of a honeycomb, with few spaces in between for pathways or roads. In fact, there were few exterior door openings in the maze of buildings at Çatalhöyük. Instead, most houses were entered through openings in the roof. Archaeologists have found evidence that people climbed up and down steep stairs or ladders to enter and exit most buildings. As a result, the roofs of the houses served as the “streets” of the village, offering additional work and living space. In some places, piles of refuse and rotting organic material filled the spaces between the buildings—conditions that may have contributed to the rooftop habits of the inhabitants.

Inside each mud-brick house were one, two, or three multi-purpose rooms that would have been shared by a family of five to ten people. Some parts of the house were used for storage and work spaces; other areas were used for food preparation, sitting, sleeping, and perhaps telling stories. Clay ovens provided warmth, light, and fires for cooking, but there is evidence of open hearths in other areas of the houses as well. Floors and walls were plastered with layers of thick white lime mud, and then regularly replastered to protect the structure beneath.

Vividly colored designs and murals were found painted on many of the house’s interior walls. Some walls were painted bright red all over; others were decorated with leopard motifs or complex patterns that may have mirrored the designs in woven wool or flax. One painting shows vultures flying over headless human bodies; another seems to show the houses of Çatalhöyük with an erupting volcano in the background.

Against the perimeter walls of the houses, rectangular areas of the floor were built up into raised platforms that may have been used for seating and sleeping. When people died, they were most frequently buried beneath selected platforms inside the house, and sometimes under other areas of the floor.

When a house was no longer usable, it was cleaned out, filled with dirt, refuse, and rubble, and a new house would be built, sometimes right on top of the original house walls below it. In this way, the remains of hundreds of years of occupation were preserved, offering views of the past, layer by layer. In some places, 18 consecutive house layers have been excavated. These layers create the mound we see today.

About Life and Work at Çatalhöyük Today
It takes more than 24 hours of travel time to get from California to Turkey, and then more than an hour to drive from the nearest urban area to Çatalhöyük. Visitors are welcomed at the Visitor Center, but must be escorted throughout their tour of the site. Few people get to work at the mound itself. Archaeologists, however experienced, cannot work there without official permission from the Turkish government. A fence surrounds the mound and a guardhouse protects it.

In the relative isolation of Çatalhöyük, which is today surrounded by intensively cultivated agricultural fields, the BACH team (along with the rest of the Çatalhöyük project team) lived in their own modern version of a working village. A typical day would find them excavating at the site and working at the research labs in the compound nearby. At night, they slept in the compound’s dorm rooms. Meals were served in the dining room. Bathroom areas were shared, and hot water came from solar-power collectors on the roof. Away from modern lights and life, their focus was on interpreting the past, while also participating in the intensive social whirl of life on a big archaeological project.

During their time at Çatalhöyük , the BACH team excavated one of the settlement’s houses through five phases of occupation, and studied it in detail, paying particular attention to interpreting the “life histories” of the people, places, and things they found there.

About Building 3
Building 3, a 400-square-foot mud-brick structure, was probably home to several generations of a Neolithic family. Excavations revealed painted walls, a flint dagger with a carved bone handle, the remains of a collapsed roof and the residue of woven baskets, a domed clay oven, and burials of both children and adults beneath the floor. 

To really understand what life might have been like in the Neolithic, the Çatalhöyük team built a Replica House based on their finds at Building 3. They climbed in and out through the roof opening. They lit fires in its clay oven to find out how well food cooked in it, how smoky the building might have been, how warm or cold it was inside, and how dark it might have become at different times of day or night. (With the white walls and daylight streaming in through the opening in the ceiling, it was brighter inside than expected.) In essence, they created experiences that would give them clues they could not have found in their excavations.

The team also kept regular, detailed records of their finds—notes, drawings, photos, and videos—and consulted with specialists who could look most closely at their discoveries. All of these records were digitized and entered into the database that served the entire Çatalhöyük archaeological project. When they used microscopic analysis to study the soil where the imprint of a basket was found, for instance, they discovered that the material was from a plant that came from the Levant, hundreds of miles away. Other materials at the site came from outside the local village area as well, including obsidian, the glassy black rock used to make sharp-edged tools and points, which came from another area of Turkey. These finds support evidence from throughout the site showing that, in addition to establishing and maintaining complex activities and interrelationships within the settlement, the people of Çatalhöyük were also engaging in long-distance exchanges of materials, and probably of ideas and people as well.

Little by little, the BACH team interpreted the clues and created their own stories, once again bringing to life the people, places, and things of Çatalhöyük.

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Excavate the Site : Excavating Building 3

Discovered in the 1960s, Çatalhöyük (“cha-tal-hu-yuk”) is a 9,000-year-old settlement mound in central Turkey. The mound comprises the remains of a honeycomb of mud-brick buildings built side by side and one on top of another for a thousand years.

From 1997 to 2003, the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) team focused their attention on revealing the life history of one building at Çatalhöyük. Known as Building 3, this 400-square-foot structure was probably home to several generations of a Neolithic family.

Then, as now, there was no prototypical household or house. Excavations revealed painted walls, a collapsed roof, burials beneath the floor, even a magnificent flint dagger, as well as other intriguing clues to the life of the building and its occupants.

The BACH team invites you to explore the data and use your imagination to create your own story of life in this household, 9,000 years ago.

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Excavate the Site : Site Plan

A [photo]
Red-Painted Wall
Red paint was applied to a small wall dividing the northwest platform from the storage area to its west. It was later covered with white plaster. In 1999, when the wall was first cleaned and this photo was taken, the red paint was still very bright.

B [photo]
Multiple Burials under Northwest Platform
Four individuals were buried under the floors of the northwest platform, all probably at different times. The earliest burials were of two immature adults, then a woman aged about 45, and finally a small child. Note the red-painted wall to their west.

C [photo]
Single Burial under Northeast Platform
Found under the northeast platform of the building, this mature adult was probably male. The skeleton was found at the bottom of a pit that had been filled with earth and topped with a thick cap of white plaster.

D [photo]
Miniature Clay Balls
A clay-lined basin abutting the west surface of the screen wall was found to be filled with miniature clay balls. Each of these tiny balls is just a few centimeters in diameter, much smaller than other clay balls found at the site. While no-one is sure what these balls were for, archaeologist Sonya Atalay has suggested they were used in cooking, since so many have been found in and around ovens.

E [photo]
Screen Wall
A screen wall separated the main living room on its east side from the storage and food preparation area on its west (at right in the photo). When first discovered in 1997, the screen wall was covered with a mass of plaster, probably the remains of a relief sculpture that adorned the wall’s east surface. In this 1999 photo, we see only the remains of the wall’s wattle-and-daub framework.

F [photo]
Burial of Two Children
This poignant scene of two small children buried in front of the screen wall was excavated in 2000. The two were probably buried at the same time; both are less than 10 years old. In 2001 we discovered a slightly earlier burial of a baby in the space between and below them.

G [photo]
Two Skulls
These two skulls were found on top of the latest occupation floor in the central area of Building 3. They abutted the southern edge of the collapsed roof to their north. Their placement seems to have been deliberate, probably as a part of the “closing” ritual of the building.

H [photo]
Oven
At one point in the history of Building 3, this oven—and this area in general—was important in food-preparation activities. At Çatalhöyük, however, ovens would often be rebuilt at different locations. This oven has a small area in front for sweeping out ash, and would have had a domed roof. The BACH team used it as inspiration for the oven built in the Replica House.

I [photo]
Feasting Area
Dubbed the “scapularium,” this concentration of large animal bones—mostly shoulder blades of cattle and red deer—was excavated in 1998. Because it lies immediately on top of the final occupation floor, one interpretation is that it represents debris from a feast held at the “closing” of the building.

J [photo]
Ladder Entrance
Because few side entrances have been found at Çatalhöyük, it has always been assumed that buildings were accessed by ladders extending through openings in roofs. The ladders, which would have been made of wood, have not been preserved. Here, however, on the wall and floor in the southwest corner of the Building 3, we find scars and fittings that would have held such a ladder in place against the wall.

K [photo]
Flint Dagger
This magnificent dagger with its carved bone handle was found in 1997 in a small cell just south of Building 3, in an area being excavated by the BACH team. It was located at the top of the room’s fill, together with a large, burned bucranium (cow horns and skull), and had been broken by a falling mud brick.

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Excavate the Site : Map

View Çatalhöyük at Multiple Scales
When you look at a site from different scales—from space, from an airplane window, through the eyes of an archaeologist at work, or through the lens of a magnifying glass or microscope—you become aware of the complexity of relationships that shaped it.

Look at Çatalhöyük from high above and you notice details of the environment, from weather patterns to vegetation. Get closer and you can see the local terrain, interrelationships of houses, availability of water and fertile land. Analyze individual finds and you learn about the arts, skills, health, and habits of the people who lived there. Translate these clues back in time 9,000 years, and you can begin to understand how the elements affected the people of Çatalhöyük, and how the people of Çatalhöyük affected the place where they lived.

Turkey from Space [photo]
Flying  over Çatalhöyük [photo]
Building 3 from Above [photo]
Excavator’s View [photo]
Trowling Events [photo[
Discovered Objects [photo]
Under the Microscope [photo]

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Excavate the Site : Timeline

Explore Çatalhöyük Across Time
It’s hard to imagine the busy settlement of Çatalhöyük as it must have existed more than 9,000 years ago, but this timeline can help put in perspective the life and times of the people who lived there. The cave paintings of their ancestors were more than 23,000 years in the past. They had domesticated plants and animals, but the invention of the wheel was still thousands of years in the future. When Çatalhöyük was at its peak, the Egyptians had yet to build their pyramids, and the art of writing had not yet begun.

Çatalhöyük had been abandoned for more than 8,000 years before it was rediscovered. Today, we’re still trying to understand what it tells us about life in the past.

5 billion years ago
Our solar system is born

4 billion years ago                                   
Life on earth evolves

75 million years ago                 
First primates evolve

150,000 years ago                                   
Homo sapiens emerge

32,000 years ago                 
Earliest cave paintings (Grotte de Chauvet, France)

12,000 years ago                                   
Earliest pottery vessels (Japan)

10,500 years ago                                   
Earliest pottery vessels in the Near East

10,000 years ago                                   
First domestication of plants and animals in the Near East

9,400 years ago                                   
East Mound settlement of Çatalhöyük established

8,700-8,600 years ago                   
Building 3 occupied (approximation based on radiocarbon dating)

8,670-8,625 years ago                 
The woman we dub “Dido” lives in Building 3 (based on early-occupation skeleton found, and lots of imagination)

8,000 years ago                                   
Plants and animals domesticated in Europe

8,400 years ago                                   
East Mound of Çatalhöyük abandoned

8,000-7,800 years ago
West Mound of Çatalhöyük occupied

7,000 years ago                                   
Plants domesticated in Mesoamerica

6,000 years ago                                   
Earliest wheel (Near East)

5,100 years ago                                   
Earliest writing; Earliest cities

4,600 years ago                                   
Ancient Egyptians build pyramids at Giza

4,600 years ago                                   
Harappa and Mohenjo Daro founded in the Indus Valley

3,300 years ago                                   
Shang Dynasty emerges in China

776 BCE                                   
First Olympic Games

386 BCE                                   
Plato founds the Academy in Athens

44 BCE                                                     
Julius Caesar assassinated in Rome

150-250 AD
Late Roman graves inserted into Neolithic Building 3

1961 CE                                   
British archaeologist James Mellaart begins Çatalhöyük excavation

1965                                                      
Mellaart's last season at Çatalhöyük

1993                                                     
Renewal of Çatalhöyük excavation (Ian Hodder, director)

1995                                                     
First excavations of new Çatalhöyük project, including Building 1

1997                                                     
UC Berkeley team begins excavating Building 3

1998                                                     
Collapsed roof excavated at Building 3

1999                                                     
Latest (Phase 4) floors and burials excavated at Building 3; First use of digital cameras by BACH team

2000                                                     
Phase 3 floor (of 4 occupation phases) and burials excavated at Building 3

2001                                                     
Phase 1-2 floors and earliest burial (phase 2) excavated at Building 3; Aerial photography introduced in BACH tent

2002                                                         
Earliest floors removed at Building 3; Exclusive use of digital cameras by BACH team

2003                                        
Building 3 excavation ends

2004                                        
Building 3 is filled in with earth

2008                                        
As the BACH area moves into oblivion, we look forward to publishing our research findings

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Excavate the Site : People

Meet the People of Çatalhöyük
Çatalhöyük lay hidden by a mound of earth for thousands of years, until British archaeologist James Mellaart recognized its significance and began its excavation in the early 1960s.

Now, almost half a century later, people of all ages and from every part of the world come to Çatalhöyük. Some dig into the past to work, learn, and study. Others share images and information through educational programs and the public media. And still others come from nearby towns and villages to see how different the lives of their predecessors might have been from their own.

Not everyone at Çatalhöyük is a visitor, though. Remarkably, a few of Çatalhöyük’s original inhabitants still occupy the site, embodying the life and times of a long-gone world.

[photo]
Michael Ashley
Media Documentation
Michael documented the BACH excavations using a variety of visual media. In addition to shooting videos and photos, he also took aerial images from a rig he developed so that he and colleague Jason Quinlan could climb into the rafters of the BACH shelter. Michael, who guided visual documentation efforts at Building 3 from traditional to digital formats, wrote his doctoral dissertation on vision in the past and present of Çatalhöyük.

[photo]
Ruth Tringham
BACH Project Director; Field Co-Director
Ruth helped direct the project’s excavations and activities; her Early Music tapes played in the BACH tent every morning. Ruth continues to work at Çatalhöyük as an excavator and developing multimedia projects such as this one. Many of the remixes on this website were developed by Ruth or her students.

[photo]
Mirjana Stevanovic
BACH Project Field Co-Director; Mud-Brick Specialist
Mirjana (Mira) played an important role in directing the excavations, interpreting the results, and designing the Replica House. Mirjana continues to  work at Çatalhöyük as a specialist in the study of mud-brick architecture.

[photo]
Lori Hager & Basak Boz 
Human Remains Specialists
Lori Hager, from California (left), and Basak Boz, from Izmir, in Turkey (right), worked together to excavate and interpret the human remains found at Building 3. They were particularly interested in biographical data such as nutrition, lifestyle, and health.

[photo]
Mavili Gemiz
Project Assistant
Mavili (far right) was one of the women who came each day from the nearby village of Küçükköy and town of Cumra to work on the BACH project. Some worked as household staff; others helped sort the residue of flotation samples. Here, they offer a new view of Building 3 based on their experiences of living in mud-brick houses.

[photo]
Hülusi Yaşlı
Excavation Assistant
Hülusi (far right) was one of many men from the local towns and villages who worked at the site. He and others helped build the Replica House. Hülusi also worked closely with the BACH team in their excavation of Building 3.

[photo]
Shahina Farid
Çatalhöyük Project Assistant Director; Field Director
Shahina, an accomplished field archaeologist, was the general who made the excavation and all other activities (including sleeping and eating) at Çatalhöyük run smoothly.

[photo]
Ian Hodder
Çatalhöyük Project Director
Ian’s perseverance and diplomacy initiated the renewed excavations at Çatalhöyük. An internationally known archaeologist, he is currently Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University. In addition to authoring The Leopard’s Tale, apopular book interpreting the site (Thames and Hudson, 2006), Ian has also served as editor on six books about Çatalhöyük.

[photo]
John Coker
Project Sponsor
Software engineer John Coker (at left in this photo) was the angel who, through his philanthropic contributions, kept the BACH Project going for its last four years.

[photo]
Site Visitors
Our Link to the Outside World
Every year, visitors of all ages, nationalities, and interests come to Çatalhöyük. This group of children is one of many that constantly crowded in from the local schools.

[photo]
The Media
Public Information Dissemination
The press and media visited throughout the excavation season, but most came on Press Day. They represent Turkish national and International newspapers and journals, as well as television and film studios.

[photo]
“Dido”
Resident of Building 3
This adult female, dubbed “Dido,” was buried under the Northwest platform of Building 3. For the BACH team, her presence is representative of all the original occupants of the Neolithic settlement. Without their efforts, we would know nothing about life in Catalhoyuk, 9,000 years ago.

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Remix Collections

The content featured below has been “remixed” from the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. We encourage you to download, share, remix, and republish any of the materials on this website, according to the guidelines provided.

Learn more About Remixing.

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Life Histories of People, Places and Things (Collection)
How are the lives of people intertwined with the lives of the houses in which they live?
What can clues left within a house tell us about its former occupants?
How do archaeologists construct the lives of people, places, and things from what remains?
> Go to Collection

This collection is a “remix” of the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. Learn more About Remixing.
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Senses of Place (Collection)
How do archaeologists build on their discoveries to imagine the sights and sounds of the past?
How do archaeologists represent Çatalhöyük, both as it is today and as it once was?
What media and methods can archaeologists use to communicate a sense of place to others?
> Go to Collection

This collection is a “remix” of the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. Learn more About Remixing.
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Archaeology at Different Scales (Collection)
How do archaeologists weave far-reaching events with details of everyday life to create a rich approach to history?
How and why do archaeologists study Çatalhöyük at many different scales?
How can archaeologists use “multi-scalar data” to create comprehensive descriptions of place?
> Go to Collection

This collection is a “remix” of the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. Learn more About Remixing.
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The Public Face of Archaeology (Collection)
How are archaeologists like—and not like—Indiana Jones?
How do archaeologists at Çatalhöyük engage with the public?
How is the Berkeley team (BACH) using digital technologies and the World Wide Web to make their process of investigation accessible to the public?
> Go to Collection

This collection is a “remix” of the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. Learn more About Remixing.
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Explore 3D Visualizations

Second Life
http://slurl.com/secondlife/Okapi/128/128/0
Virtual “residents” of Second Life—a massive multi-player online environment—can visit Okapi Island to explore 3D representations of Çatalhöyük as it exists today, and as it may have looked in the past. (Note that access is available to Second Life members only; membership is free.)
  
Open 3D Visualization Toolkit
http://ltc.smm.org/visualize/
Developed by the Science Museum of Minnesota, this 3D toolkit contains interactive visualizations and models of Çatalhöyük.

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Upload Your Remix

Have you created a multimedia project, classroom activity, slide-show presentation, or research paper using information or images from this website? Many of the features here have been “remixed” from the resources available through the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive. We encourage you to download, share, remix, and republish creations of your own using Archaeoblender.

Note: You’ll need to create an account in order to upload materials to Archaeoblender.

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Search The Archive

Explore the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Research Archive at http://okapi.berkeley.edu/res/sites/catal_archive. There you’ll find thousands of photos, videos, and articles, and more from the BACH team—in particular, from their work at Building 3 during field seasons 1999 through 2003.

Note: All content is provided under creative Commons NonCommerical Attribution 3.0 Licensing, which specifies that you can reuse materials for noncommercial purposes so long as you provide the following credit: ©Catalhoyuk Research Project.

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About the Remixing Çatalhöyük Project

Remixing Çatalhöyük is an experiment in the open construction and dissemination of knowledge about the past.

This website has been developed using data and interpretations from recent archaeological research and excavations at the 9,000-year-old settlement mound of Çatalhöyük, in central Turkey. In addition to in-depth documentation and analyses, the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) project has also created a spectrum of digital visual media designed to make their explorations accessible to a broad public audience, as well as to the scientific research field. The BACH team believes that the principles and techniques of unrestricted sharing, and the repurposing of research data as demonstrated by this project, can be applied to any research data set, whether about archaeology, history, anthropology, and the humanities, or about ecology, biology, or the physical and chemical sciences.

Remixing Çatalhöyük highlights and supports a multi-vocal approach to history, where the global, online community is invited to participate in the dialogue alongside the physical, local community. It has grown out of an interest we have had for many years in finding ways to incorporate our research into public education at all levels. We feel that the best way to keep our research data alive and in good condition is to foster public engagement through direct experience with the process of data interpretation, creating different contexts and meanings through digital remediation.

As part of this website, we have provided “starter themes” as guides to exploring and remixing the data. The thematic collections offered here are drawn from the research media archives of the Çatalhöyük Research project, which—for this grand experiment in open publishing—is made freely available under Creative Commons NonCommercial Attribution Licensing. This license specifies that others may reuse materials to create videos, websites, and other multimedia “remixes” for noncommercial purposes, so long as they credit the Çatalhöyük Research Project.

Tips, Tools, & Templates
Wondering how we built this website? Check out these links:
• We published our digital collections using Extensis Portfolio Server and NetPublish
• We created Archaeoblender using open-source ccHost software
• We incorporated Creative Commons Licensing throughout
• We designed our themed collections following recommendations from the California Digital Library Calisphere team
• We generated 3D terrain to create Okapi Island in Second Life
• We made sure this website was W3C compliant for greater accessibility
• We were informed by the Remediated Places  project as an approach for using digital media 

Papers & Presentations 
Share 2.0: Open Knowledge for the Public Interest in a Web 2.0 World
David Greenbaum, Michael Ashley, Noah Wittman: Presentation at Fund for the Improvement of Post-Secondary Education (FIPSE) Annual Director’s Meeting, February 13, 2007, Washington, DC.

Senses of Places: Remediations from Text to Digital Performance
Ruth Tringham, Michael Ashley: Draft 1 (March 2007) of a paper submitted for publication in the electronic version of Visual Anthropology Review.

Forgetting and Remembering the Digital Experience and Digital Data
Ruth Tringham: Draft 9 (May 2006) of a paper on the creation and preservation of the digital image record of Çatalhöyük, submitted for publication in "Excavating Memories," edited by Dusan Boric, to be published by Oxbow Press, UK.

Ruth Tringham (2004): “Interweaving Digital Narratives with Dynamic Archaeological Databases for the Public Presentation of Cultural Heritage,” at <http://chimeraspider.wordpress.com/about/related-words/>. An early version of work on the Remediated Places and Remixing Çatalhöyük Projects.

CREDITS
Project Sponsors
Paul Grey, Principal Investigator, Scholar’s Box; Professor of Engineering, UC Berkeley
David Greenbaum, Project Director, Scholar’s Box; Director of Data Services, UC Berkeley
Michael Ashley, Manager, New Programs, Office of the CIO, UC Berkeley

“Remixing” Team
Noah Wittman, Project Director, Remixing Çatalhöyük
Ruth Tringham, Content Direction, Pilot Instructor; Professor of Anthropology, UC Berkeley; Principal Investigator, Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük (BACH) Project
Burcu Tung, Content Developer, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Anthropology, UC Berkeley
Ona Johnson, Curriculum Developer
Elizabeth Ha, Media Manager, Video Production
Michael Ashley, Information Architect
Adrian Van Allen, Web Designer
Marc Moglen, Second Life Audio Producer
Daniel Wei, Second Life Scripting and Modeling
Joseph Coburn, Interactive Designer, Demonstration Tool
Denise Phelps, Digital Media Specialist
Ruth Tepper Brown, Editor
Rockman et al, Evaluators

Special thanks to the Berkeley Archaeologists at Çatalhöyük for sharing their content and expertise.

This project was made possible with funding from the US Department of Education's Fund for the Improvement of Post-Secondary Education (FIPSE Grant #P116B040739). Additional support was provided by the Gilbert Fund, UC Berkeley's Office of the CIO, Open Knowledge and the Public Interest, Multimedia Authoring Center for Teaching Anthropology, and the Archaeological Research Facility.

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Links

Çatalhöyük: Excavations of a Neolithic Anatolian Höyük
http://www.catalhoyuk.com/
The website for the Çatalhöyük Research Project.

Mysteries of Çatalhöyük
http://www.smm.org/catal/
An online exhibition and standalone website developed by the Science Museum of Minnesota.

Open 3D Visualization Toolkit
http://ltc.smm.org/visualize/resources/games/catal
An online resource from the Science Museum of Minnesota for sharing 3D models and visualizations, this site features lots of great Çatalhöyük content.

“This Old House”
http://www.naturalhistorymag.com/master.html?http://www.naturalhistorymag.com/0606/0606_feature.html
Excellent introductory article by Çatalhöyük project director Ian Hodder for Natural History Magazine, June 2006.

The Goddess & The Bull—Çatalhöyük: An Archaeological Journey to the Dawn of Civilization
http://www.michaelbalter.com/aboutbook.php
In this book, Science Magazine reporter Michael Balter provides readers with an insider’s view of archaeological excavations at Çatalhöyük. Available in hardcover (Free Press: 2004) and softcover (Left Coast Press: 2006).

The Leopard's Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Çatalhöyük
http://www.amazon.com/Leopards-Tale-Revealing-Mysteries-Catalhoyuk/dp/0500051410
This book (Thames & Hudson: 2006), by project director Ian Hodder, provides a firsthand account of the activities and discoveries at Çatalhöyük.

Archaeological Illustration at Çatalhöyük
http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/jghsillustration/
Illustrations and sketches for the Çatalhöyük Research Project by artist John Swogger.

Remediated Places Project
http://chimeraspider.wordpress.com/
This project aims to share multi-sensorial experiences and memories of cultural heritage sites. It also includes information about Çatalhöyük video-walks.

Okapi Island
http://slurl.com/secondlife/Okapi/128/128/0
A reconstruction of the East Mound at Çatalhöyük in the 3D multi-user virtual environment of Second Life. (Note that access is available to members only; membership to Second Life is free.)

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Using This Site

Welcome to Remixing Çatalhöyük! We encourage you to explore this website, and share, download, remix, and republish the materials offered here.

All of the resources in the Research Archive and many of the remixes are provided under Creative Commons NonCommercial Attribution 3.0 Licensing, which specifies that you may reuse the materials for any noncommercial purpose, so long as you credit the author/creator.

Please credit content you use from the Research Archive in the following manner: ©Çatalhöyük Research Project.

Research-oriented works should follow standard protocols for scholarly citations.
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